A hedge wizard or a hedge witch is a broad term for human practitioners who do not actively participate in the magical organization known as the Folly, or who learn their skills outside the tradition of British Wizardry.
Educated Outside the Folly
The term 'hedge wizard' can been applied to practicioners who acquired their powers ad-hoc from outside of the Folly. The use of the term 'hedge' implies they often learn their skills in the countryside, although the source of this learning is unclear.
Retiring from the Folly
An officially sanctioned practicioner can be referred to as a hedge wizard when he retires to the countryside. Nightingale refers to this process as 'rusticating' when discussing Hugh Oswald. Nightingale also refers to practitioners who used the Folly as their London club while away from their parsonages, estates, and university positions as 'hedge wizards'. There seems to be some overlap with this usage and the term 'rogue practicioner'.
Ambiguity in the Definition
The term seems to be applied loosely and may be British specific and countryside specific as neither Varvara Sidorovna or Antonin Bobet are referred to in this way. It also does not seem specific to Newtonian magic versus non-Newtonian given the inclusion of retired practitioners.
Known hedge wizards/hedge witches based on education
- Caroline Linden-Limmer - Taught by her mother.
- Helena Linden-Limmer - Taught by her mother, who in turn was taught by an aunt, who in turn was taught by a female friend of the family.
- George Nolfi - Taught by his mother how to create a werelight.
- Violet Portchester - Taught by her nan.
- Sherry Ronsted - Practitioner skills passed on by family.
- Wilhelmina Trimble - Medium, unclear if her success is due to luck or skill.